The black truffle
The black gold of the earth
One of the rarest, most unique and sophisticated ingredients in world gastronomy. The first reference to the truffle was made in the Neo-Sumerian period during the Third Dynasty of Ur, which ruled between 2,113 and 2004 BC. Later we find it again in the writings of Theophrastus in the fourth century BC.
Plutarch and other ancient writers believed that the truffle was the result of light, heat, and groundwater. Cicero called the truffles the children of the earth and Dioscorides believed that they were the tubers of the roots of the trees.
The truffle is the most expensive mushroom in the world, for which they pay thousands of euros per kilo, some of the most famous restaurants and grocery stores in the world, to get it.
All types of truffles are grown except white. The most common trees, which theoretically can accommodate all species of truffles are the fluffy oak, hazelnut, some other species of oak or linden, while specially trained dogs are used to harvest them.
It is available in the market in many forms, dried, powder, fresh or in the form of oil, and its price varies depending on the quality, 5,000 - 8,000 euros per kilo.